High Library
Elizabethtown College
To use the links in this guide, go to:

Cell Biology
Bio 212
A Library Research Guide

Find background information
Choosing and searching databases to find articles
Tips for effective searching
Search strategies
How do I find a copy of the article?
Citing sources

These are only some of the sources that may be useful to you.  Please contact me for help with any of your research, Sylvia Morra, x1452 or email AskUs.

Find background information
General Subject Specific Encyclopedias listed below have summary articles and bibliographies to get you started. These articles provide alternative terms and point to narrower or broader subject areas to investigate. Use words and ideas from these sources in your computerized searching.

www.atcc.org provides background information on specific cell lines. Select Cell Lines and Hybridomas next to search options. Enter the cell line under product search to retrieve the background info.

    This is an excellent source for a basic understanding of actin, centrosomes, cell membranes, membrane lipids, acid phosphatase and broader subjects on cell metabolism etc. This is an enhanced electronic version of The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology.

Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Ref 570.3 En56
    Contains articles on actin and actin filaments, cell membrane features, cell structure, melanoma, cancer, enzyme activity and assays, mitosis and mitochondrial structure and role in respiration.

Encyclopedia of Human Biology. 2nd ed. 1997. Ref 612.003 En56 9 volumes.
    Has excellent article on enzymes, coenzymes and the control of cellular chemical reactions.

Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: a comprehensive desk reference. Ref 574.88 M182
    Has articles on gel electrophoresis of proteins, enzyme assays, and pharmaceutical analysis.

Merck Manual Ref 615.02 M2555 2006
     Excellent source for information on the number of new cases per year of a particular cancer. Includes the risk factors and how particular cancers develop. Also includes diagnosis and prognosis and treatment options.

Encyclopedia of Cancer and Society. 2007.  Ref 616.994 En56 3 volumes.

Statistical Abstract of the United States. Ready Ref 317.3 Un3s 2010
    Contains many statistical charts related to health issues.

    Search for statistics by topic area or Federal agency.

Choosing and searching databases to find articles
Choose a database by analyzing the subject areas covered, the number of titles indexed, subject focus of the indexed journals and the dates of coverage.

Get beyond Google by using some of the databases below, which contain both popular and scholarly articles. Although they deliver their content through the web, these databases are paid for through library subscriptions. Information found here would not generally be found for free on the web; articles have been written by subject experts or professional journalists and reviewed by peers and editors.

Academic Search Premier (varies)
    This multi-disciplinary database that has excellent scholarly research articles in biology, medicine and genetics.

    Premier medical database covering all areas of medicine including nursing. Indexing goes back to 1969. This interface allows for easy requesting of articles from other libraries. PubMedCentral is the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature. This collection is a full text subset of indexing from Medline / PubMed database.

    Search the publisher Elsevier's database of Science Direct articles as well as Medline citations, NASA technical reports, etc. Search for full text articles from that database using the following link: Locate E-town Journals or from the library's web page. Order items on ILLiad (Interlibrary Loan), if the library doesn't own that specific magazine.

Other databases that might be useful
    Another database of publisher's journal articles that focus on the sciences. Search for full text articles from that database using the following link: Locate E-town Journals or from the library's web page. Order items on ILLiad (Interlibrary Loan), if the library doesn't own that specific magazine .

Tips for effective searching
Keyword and subject searching
Try synonyms.
Try both singular and plural forms of words. (Many databases automatically search for the singular and plural forms.)
If searching a compound word, try it as one word and as two words (e.g. rain forest or rainforest) to see which retrieves the most useful results.
If searching a term with an internal dash, search the term in each database with and without the internal dash (e.g. x-ray vs. x ray) to see which retrieves the most useful results.
Narrow a search by using subject headings. Locate subject headings by looking at the descriptors associated with articles and books.
Be persistent in your searching.

Search strategies
How to narrow your searches to find fewer results
How to broaden your searches to find more results

How do I find a copy of the article?
What is available here and now?
Search for full text articles in journals using the following link: Locate E-town Journals.
Type the name of the journal next to 'Find:' and then press 'Search'. Full text can be electronic or within the library in paper, microfiche or microfilm.
Check the publication dates of the article against the listing of years for the database or the years listed 'Within the High Library'. If the database includes those years, click on the link, add in an author's name or title of the article. The full text link should appear at the end of the citation.

If not electronic, how journals are packaged.
    Current year paper issues of journals in the High Library are on the entrance level.
    Older print/paper journals are on Level One, alphabetically by journal title.
    If the journal is in microfiche or microfilm, a copies can be made in the library. Ask the reference librarian or circulation student assistants for help. Order copies online by using ILLiad   Click on request an article and fill out the form. You will receive an email when the article is available on ILLiad for downloading.

Hershey Medical Center Journals List
Click on appropriate letter of the alphabet under new improved journal list. Type in the name of the journal after "Find:". Travel to the Hershey Medical Center to make a copy of the article.

HighWire Press
    Free online full text science articles.

What if it is not here in any format?

Order items from another library, if The High Library doesn't own that specific journal or have it for the years that you need it. Requesting the article can be done through the databases or through the following software link: ILLiad (Interlibrary Loan). Allow a minimum of 4-5 working days for the article to arrive. 

Citing sources

Format your references/works cited. Web sites compiled by the High Librarians, some interactive citation guides as well.

Citing Electronic Sources- APA Style  Tips prepared by High Librarians on citing e-resources.

Citing Print Sources--APA Style

APA Style  A few free examples from the American Psychological Association.

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Ref 652.323 Am512p6 On Reserve at the Circulation Desk. 

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