Virtual Library

This WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources is a frequently updated Internet directory of over 2000 annotated links to high-quality English-language sources of information and analysis in a wide range of international affairs, international relations, international studies, global studies, and global education topics. These sites are carefully selected for their long-term value, favoring those with cost-free, authoritative information and analysis online. Each website is described only in general terms because of the typically rapid changes in details of its contents and features.




HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS


Limited Area Search Engines, Libraries, Databases, and Directories
Other Sources


Limited Area Search Engines, Libraries, Databases, and Directories


Human Rights Library-- Very comprehensive and world-class offering from the Human Rights Center of the University of Minnesota. Note the Meta Search Engine for Searching Multiple Human Rights Sites to search for documents and reports in many key sites.


HuriSearch-- Excellent limited area search engine that searches the content of over 5000 human rights websites in scores of languages. Allows "one point access to all human rights information published by human rights organisations worldwide, and particularly human rights NGOs." From HURIDOCS, "a global network of organisations concerned with more effective ways of using information for the cause of human rights."

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre-- From the Norwegian Refugee Council, a fine searchable resource with coverage of many ongoing situations of conflict-induced internal displacement in the world. Includes thousands of documents, hundreds of maps, country profiles, and analyses of internal displacement at regional and global levels.

International Human Rights Research Guide-- Explains and links the main IGOs (especially the UN), documents, treaties, and more, including by subject matter. Written by Grace M. Mills, Director of the Law Library at Florida A&M University and posted by GlobaLex at the Hauser Global Law School Program, NYU School of Law.

United Nations Human Rights Treaties-- Thorough databank (with texts) and analytical source on UN human rights treaties, accessible by state, theme, or subject matter, from Professor A.F. Bayefsky, York University, Canada, with "a range of data concerning the application of the UN human rights treaty system by its monitoring treaty bodies since their inauguration in the 1970's."

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Other Sources


Amnesty International-- One of the world's largest and most famous international voluntary organizations dealing with human rights and political repression. Their annual "State of the World's Human Rights" report is available online, in addition to many other studies, news reports, facts, and statistics. Use the Library to search for relevant materials.


Carr Center for Human Rights Policy-- From the Kennedy School of Harvard University, with the mission "to lead public policy debate, to train human rights leaders and to partner with human rights organizations to help them respond to current and future challenges." Posts many items from the production of the Center's faculty and distinguished guests.

Child Rights Information Network-- Advocating a "world in which every child enjoys all of the human rights promised by the United Nations, regional organisations, and national governments alike," CRIN's large site posts news, documents, information, and many publications on the topic, both by country and by themes.

Death Penalty Worldwide-- From the Center for International Human Rights at Northwestern University School of Law and its partners, analysis of the topic worldwide and database "intended to provide detailed and transparent information regarding the application of the death penalty in law and in practice in every country that retains it."

Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Bureau of the U.S. Department of State, with responsibilities in promoting democracy worldwide, formulating U.S. human rights policies, and coordinating policy in human rights-related labor issues.

European Centre for Minority Issues-- NGO that "advances majority-minority relations in the wider Europe through action, research and documentation... supports the stabilization of areas of ethno-political tension and conflict, contributes to the strengthening of relevant legislation and best practices in governance, and enhances the capacity of civil society actors and governments to engage with one another in a constructive way." All reports, working papers, and issue briefs are available online in full-text. Note the Ethnopolitical Map of Europe and the Enriched Links Database.

European Court of Human Rights-- "The only truly judicial organ established by the European Convention on Human Rights... [ensuring], in the last instance, that contracting states observe their obligations under the Convention... All of the Court's judgments, and a significant selection of decisions and reports, are published [online] in the HUDOC database."

Forced Migration Online-- From the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford, "provides instant access to a wide variety of online resources dealing with the situation of forced migrants worldwide." Features an online library, Internet resources directory, journals, papers, and research guides, among other items.

Freedom House-- Many online studies ranking countries on measures of freedom, informative backgrounders, and other publications are offered by this nonprofit, nonpartisan U.S. organization dedicated to promoting democracy around the world. Note especially their extensive yearly online report "Freedom in the World."

freedominfo.org-- "This site is a one-stop portal that describes best practices, consolidates lessons learned, explains campaign strategies and tactics, and links the efforts of freedom of information advocates around the world. It contains crucial information on freedom of information laws and how they were drafted and implemented, including how various provisions have worked in practice."

Global Migration Group-- A U.N. "inter-agency group bringing together heads of agencies to promote the wider application of all relevant international and regional instruments and norms relating to migration, and to encourage the adoption of more coherent, comprehensive and better coordinated approaches to the issue of international migration." Posts data, documents and reports on the subject.

Global Rights-- Non-profit human rights organization active in many countries, working directly with organizations and human rights advocates inside each country to help groups and individuals become more effective within existing infrastructures by helping local organizations build their internal capacities for challenging injustice. Posts news, reports, and analysis about human rights issues.

H-Human-Rights-- "Discussion network for scholars, policymakers, authors, historians, and other interested people devoted to the history, analysis, theory, and practice of human rights," a member of H-Net Humanities & Social Sciences OnLine.

theHive-- World Bank-sponsored interactive, action-oriented "knowledge platform on fragility, conflict, and violence, which provides both an online and face-to-face communication platform for the community of practice working on these issues to share and build knowledge," with many partner organizations.


Human Rights.gov-- Maintained by the U.S. Department of State as a "portal for international human rights related information from the United States Government."


Human Rights in China-- An NGO founded by Chinese scientists and scholars in March 1989, that  monitors the implementation of international human rights standards in China and carries out human rights advocacy and education among Chinese people inside and outside the country.


Human Rights Reports-- Texts of yearly country reports by the U.S. Department of State, and related documents. Reports from 1993 to 1999 are available on an archive site.

Human Rights Watch-- Dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world, by investigating and exposing human rights violations and holding abusers accountable. Many reports online, such as their annual World Report.
 

Integrated Regional Information Networks-- From the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, news and analysis about crises and humanitarian-related situations in developing countries, with e-mail alert service.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights-- From "one of two bodies in the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights," information on the Commission and about human rights issues in the Western Hemisphere, published as yearly reports, country reports, and in other formats.

Inter-American Human Rights Database-- From American University's Washington College of Law, archives documents of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. A topically related database is maintained by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights Project at the Loyola Law School, Los Angeles.

International Center for Transitional Justice-- NGO that "assists countries pursuing accountability for past mass atrocity or human rights abuse [and] works in societies emerging from repressive rule or armed conflict, as well as in established democracies where historical injustices or systemic abuse remain unresolved." Website posts information about the work of the Center, news, and many analytical publications, including the annual report.

International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect-- Works to advance Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and to promote concrete policies to better enable governments, regional organizations and the U.N. to protect vulnerable populations from genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Site posts much news and analysis about the R2P concept and specific cases of severe human rights abuse around the world.

International Commission of Jurists-- A leading organization of eminent jurists representative of the different legal systems of the world and "dedicated to the primacy, coherence and implementation of international law and principles that advance human rights."

International Committee of the Red Cross-- This site incorporates much on human rights issues, especially the War and International Humanitarian Law and International Humanitarian Law Database sections, with treaties, documents, national laws, commentaries, and reports.

International Federation of Human Rights Leagues-- Defending human rights since 1922, FIDH is an activist NGO with national league members around the world. News and publications online.

International Labour Organization-- Much information about international labor standards and conditions. Note the following databases-- NATLEX: Database of national laws on labor, social security, and related human rights;  NORMLEX: Database of International Labour Standards and National Laws; and LABORSTA: Labour Statistics Database operated by the ILO Bureau of Statistics. Labordoc has "references to a wide range of print and electronic publications, including journal articles, from countries around the world, on all aspects of work and sustainable livelihoods, and the work-related aspects of economic and social development and human rights."

International Organization for Migration-- This "leading international organization working with migrants and governments to provide humane responses to migration challenges" posts information about the IGO's structure and work and the full text of many of its analytical and policy publications and conferences on internal and international migration issues.

International Religious Freedom Report-- From the United States Department of State, a report on the condition of religious freedom in countries around the world, prepared annually for the U.S. Congress.

Migration Policy Institute-- "Independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit think tank in Washington, D.C. dedicated to the study of the movement of people worldwide," with much data and analysis online. Note their Migration Information Source for "fresh thought, authoritative data, and global analysis of international migration and refugee trends... [and] useful tools, vital data, and essential facts on the movement of people worldwide."

Minority Rights Group International-- "Campaigns worldwide with around 130 partners in over 60 countries to ensure that disadvantaged minorities and indigenous peoples, often the poorest of the poor, can make their voices heard." Facts, figures, and useful analysis in the many types of reports, studies and guides, the databank of minority rights law, Peoples Under Threat, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, and State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples.

Office of Global Women's Issues-- In the U.S. Department of State, this office "works for the political, economic, and social empowerment of women." Site posts news, videos, photos, speeches, and other items on women's issues in the world and U.S. policies and actions.

Open Society Justice Initiative-- This "operational program of the Open Society Institute pursues law reform activities grounded in the protection of human rights, and contributes to the development of legal capacity for open societies worldwide." Posts news, information, and analysis on this topic, especially regarding developing countries.

OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights-- Based in Warsaw, Poland and "active throughout the OSCE area in the fields of election observation, democratic development, human rights, tolerance and non-discrimination, and rule of law." Posts many factsheets, newsletters, reports and documents on such issues.

Trafficking in Persons Report-- From the United States Department of State, reports on "severe forms of trafficking in persons" worldwide, prepared annually for the U.S. Congress.

UN Women-- The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women's site describes the entity's work, and that of others, to promote women's empowerment and gender equality. Posts news and online publications on women's issues around the world, including the biennial "Progress of the World's Women" and the "World Survey on the Role of Women in Development."

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)-- This U.N. agency "protects children and their rights by providing services and supplies and by helping shape policy agendas and budgets in the best interests of children." UNICEF compiles and publishes information on the situation of children, performance of countries in caring for children, protection of children's rights, and its programs for children. Many publications are online about development as it affects children, such as the annual The State of the World's Children.

United Nations Documentation Research Guides-- Extensive bibliography and links to U.N. documents on Human Rights, Humanitarian Affairs, and related topics.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights-- Publications, documents, treaties, databases, special programs, conferences, links.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees-- Very comprehensive source on the topic and the UN's role. The Resources section gives access to statistics, maps, reports, and documents.

United Nations Human Rights Page-- Master page for all United Nations sites on human rights, with full documentation and activities.

United Nations Humanitarian Affairs Page-- Master page for all United Nations sites on humanitarian affairs, with full documentation and activities. Note IRIN, "the humanitarian news and analysis service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs," with related news from Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.

U. S. Commission on International Religious Freedom-- "Created by the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 to monitor the status of freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief abroad, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and related international instruments, and to give independent policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and the Congress." Site posts annual reports, regional and country assessments, policy briefs, newsletter, webcasts, and more.

Women Watch is a gateway to UN information and data on women world-wide and an evolving forum on global women's issues, to provide up to date information on the UN's work on behalf of the women of the world, track the global agenda for improving the status of women, and constitute an electronic space for exchange of information and ideas on women's issues.


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This section of the WWW Virtual Library system was created, and is edited and maintained, by Dr. Wayne A.Selcher, Professor of International Studies Emeritus, Department of Political Science, Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA 17022-2288  U.S.A., as a volunteer and non-profit public service. This website copyright 1997-present by Wayne A. Selcher. E-mail: selchewa@etown.edu