Virtual Library

This WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources is a frequently updated Internet directory of over 2000 annotated links to high-quality English-language sources of information and analysis in a wide range of international affairs, international relations, international studies, global studies, and global education topics. These sites are carefully selected for their long-term value, favoring those with cost-free, authoritative information and analysis online. Each website is described only in general terms because of the typically rapid changes in details of its contents and features.




INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL LAW


Limited Area Search Engines, Portals, Directories, Networks, and Guides
Other Sources


Limited Area Search Engines, Portals, Directories, Networks, and Guides


Limited Area Search Engines


Australasian Legal Information Institute-- AustLII, a search engine for Australian legal information.

Law Crawler-- Specialized search engine for U.S. federal and state law, legal professionals, and lawyers, from FindLaw.

LawRunner-- "Legal research tool, an intelligent agent-based front-end interface for the world's largest and best World Wide Web index, Google."  Also has "a directory of the LawRunner home pages for every nation in the world."


World Legal Information Institute-- WorldLII, a "free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility developed collaboratively by [many] legal information institutes and other organisations," with databases and website catalog guide for online law research.


Portals, Directories, Networks, and Guides


American Society of International Law-- The professional society for those interested in international law. Excellent online information and publications, with a searchable database. The eResources section provides access to international law resources, from primary source documents to ASIL publications, for online research. Note especially the Electronic Information System for International Law, an excellent database with sophisticated search capabilities to find primary documents, recommended websites, and research guides in the principal areas of international law.


Audiovisual Library of International Law-- From the United Nations, "a unique, multimedia resource... to provide high quality international law training and research materials to an unlimited number of recipients on a global level." Composed of the Historic Archives of documents and audiovisual materials, a recorded Lecture Series, and a Research Library "providing an on-line international law library with links to treaties, jurisprudence, publications and documents, scholarly writings and research guides."

ConstitutionNet-- "Established as a joint initiative of International IDEA and Interpeace and maintained by IDEA with funding from the Government of Norway. It aims to service the knowledge needs of an expanding group of those involved in constitution building." Extensive set of knowledge tools, country information, data, constitutions and related documents, issue papers, multimedia, and more about the world's constitutions and constitution-building.


ECOLEX: The Gateway to Environmental Law-- From the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Conservation Union, several large databases of national and international legal instruments and materials related to environmental management, searchable by subject area, keyword, country, or date.

EUR-Lex-- The searchable portal of the European Union for European Union Law, including the Official Journal of the European Union.

FindLaw: International Law Resources-- One of the better starting points for searching international legal information on the Internet.


Foreign & International Research-- Wide-ranging research guide from the Library of the Yale Law School. Also try that Library's Country-by-Country Guide to Foreign Law Research.

Frederick K. Cox International Law Center War Crimes Research Portal-- From the Case Western Reserve University School of Law, a portal that links websites related to international humanitarian law, posts the text of research memoranda on issues before the International Criminal Tribunal, provides a research guide to international humanitarian law and tribunals, and posts analytical articles on key topics in international criminal law.


Global Legal Information Network-- From the Law Library of the U.S. Congress, "a [searchable] public database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations." The Guide to Law Online is "an annotated guide to sources of information on government and law available online."  The Global Legal Monitor is "an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide." The Global Legal Information Catalog "includes information about publications which reprint the laws and regulations of multiple jurisdictions on a particular legal topic."


Global Legal Research Tools-- From New York University's School of Law, very helpful portal that "facilitates the efforts of those engaged in the study of global law to more effectively target their research or focus their instruction through... online teaching materials to international law instructors,... searchable databases for locating particular subject matters within global journals and indexes,... linked guides to other online global law resources, and... the European and global law book review programs." Especially useful are GlobaLex, the Guide to Foreign and International Legal Databases, and Introduction to Public International Law Research.


Hague Justice Portal-- "Gateway to information, news and research on the Hague organisations in the fields of international peace, justice and security. It improves access to the Hague courts, tribunals and organisations and encourages academic debate... [an independent website] "created by The Hague Academic Coalition, a consortium of academic institutions based in The Hague." Posts the Hague Justice Journal.

infolaw--Gateway to the UK Legal Web-- Includes website listings of all UK law firms, groups, barristers chambers, law associations, and other lawyers, many selected legal resources, and more.


International Constitutional Law-- "Provides English translations of and other textual material related to constitutional documents. It cross-references those documents for quick comparison of constitutional provisions." The constitutions of most countries are in the database.


International and Foreign Law Community-- Free up-to-date content and resources in international and foreign law, part of the LexisNexis Communities network, with blogs, news, top cases, issues, podcasts, newsletter. Requires free registration.

Jurist: The Legal Education Network-- From the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, the international section of an excellent legal affairs portal, with a U.S. version as well.

Lawlinks-- From the University of Kent in the UK, "to help students and others find their way around legal resources on the Internet." Posts guides on Internet legal research and many annotated links by topic or region.

Legislation.gov.uk-- Official repository of all approved legislation of the United Kingdom for over 1000 years, both original and as amended, "managed by The National Archives on behalf of HM Government."


Oceans and Law of the Sea-- From the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations, a major portal site on the topic.

Foreign and International Law Guide-- By the Cornell Law Library, selective guide to Web sites, providing links to texts of laws and court decisions, international documents, directories, trade information, and/or statistics.

TransLex-- From the Center for Transnational Law, a research facility at the University of Cologne School of Law, "a research and codification platform for transnational [commercial] law," mainly on European Union members, that allows you to search the entire database, or "browse through any of the four sections: principles, bibliography, materials or links."

United Nations International Law Site-- Information on the law generally, and as it relates to genocide, trade, the sea, key international treaties, the International Criminal Court, and U. N. legal bodies, including the ICJ. Note the International Law Research Guide for U.N. matters and the website of the International Law Commission of the United Nations. The United Nations Juridical Yearbook includes "certain documentary materials of a legal character concerning the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations." The United Nations Treaty Collection "offers access to... records of [bilateral and multilateral] treaties and related subsequent treaty actions" and to much other material related to treaty law.


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Other Sources


Center for International Environmental Law-- "Nonprofit organization working to use international law and institutions to protect the environment, promote human health, and ensure a just and sustainable society... CIEL’s work covers more than sixty countries on six continents." Posts information and publications in many areas of environmental law.

Constitution Finder-- From the University of Richmond School of Law, "this database offers constitutions, charters, amendments, and other related documents. Nations of the world are linked to their constitutional text posted somewhere on the Internet."

Electronic Legal Resources on International Terrorism-- From the Terrorism Prevention Branch of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, "comprehensive and accurate legal information on the steps taken by the international community and individual countries in the fight against international terrorism. Stored data are accessible in full-text, and provide up-to-date information on counter-terrorism conventions, resolutions, and national criminal laws worldwide."

European Court of Human Rights-- "The only truly judicial organ established by the European Convention on Human Rights... [ensuring], in the last instance, that contracting states observe their obligations under the Convention... All of the Court's judgments, and a significant selection of decisions and reports, are published [online] in the HUDOC database."

European Environmental Law Network-- Full text cases, legislation, dossiers, articles, and other materials on European environmental law.

International Commission of Jurists-- A leading organization of eminent jurists representative of the different legal systems of the world and "dedicated to the primacy, coherence and implementation of international law and principles that advance human rights."

International Court of Justice-- Information from and about the world court, an organ of the United Nations.

International Criminal Court-- Official site of the United Nations court established to try individuals for participation in war crimes and genocide. Posts information about the Court and its cases, videos of Court proceedings, the Official Journal of the ICC, and more. Note especially the Legal Tools Project, which "aspires to equip users with the legal information, commentaries and software required to work effectively with international criminal law. It seeks to serve as a complete virtual library on international criminal law and justice."

International Humanitarian Law Database-- Keyword and country searches in treaties, documents, national laws, commentaries, and reports, from the International Committee of the Red Cross.

International Water Law Project-- Provides information and links on international water law, treaties, policy, and related topics, with documents, case law, and bibliography.


Multilaterals Project-- The  Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy's ongoing project  to make available on the Web the texts of international multilateral conventions and other legal instruments.


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This section of the WWW Virtual Library system was created, and is edited and maintained, by Dr. Wayne A.Selcher, Professor of International Studies Emeritus, Department of Political Science, Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, PA 17022-2288  U.S.A., as a volunteer and non-profit public service. This website copyright 1997-present by Wayne A. Selcher. E-mail: selchewa@etown.edu