NOTE: Also check the many
relevant links in the United States Government Information
Foreign Policy, International Relations Journals and
Magazines, and Research Institutes sections of
this Web site, among others.
Insightful Blogs on Peace, Conflict Resolution, and Security Issues-- Small Wars Journal, Insight on Conflict, Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding
Combined Arms Research Library-- From the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, "The intent of this website is to introduce the resources available at CARL and to extend our services and support to military scholars worldwide by providing access to a selection of our resources." Note especially the Online Public Access Catalog.
Conflict and Security Resource Guide-- From Eldis, a world class directory and gateway to electronic information resources on development, this resource guide "examines the drivers and dynamics of inter and intra-state conflicts such as ethnicity and competition for natural resources. It also highlights current approaches and responses to conflict prevention and resolution and best practice in the design of security and peacebuilding programmes."
Facts on International Relations and
Security Trends (FIRST)-- A project of the
International Relations and Security Network and the
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, to
provide free databased information on international
relations and security issues, by state, year, and
subject. "The integrated database system contains clearly
documented information from research institutes around the
world. It covers areas in the field of international
relations and security, such as hard facts on armed
conflicts and peace keeping, arms production and trade,
military expenditure, armed forces and conventional
weapons holding, nuclear weapons, chronology, statistics
and other reference data."
Global Terrorism Database-- From the University of Maryland, "open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2010 (with annual updates planned for the future). Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 98,000 cases."
International Relations and Security Network-- World-class searchable clearinghouse for resources in the field of security and defense studies, peace and conflict research, and international relations, with a large digital library. "The world’s leading open access information service for international relations and security professionals," from the Center for Security Studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich.
and Collaborative Development Network-- "Free
professional networking site that works to foster dialogue
and sharing of resources in international development,
conflict resolution, gender mainstreaming, human rights,
social entrepreneurship and related fields." Posts
"fellowship/scholarship opportunities, information about
relevant academic programs, training opportunities, news
about new publications... questions about new or ongoing
research projects, discussion of conflict regions, videos
and photos, and more."
Research Centers in International
Relations on the Web-- Very useful world list
maintained by the United States Institute of Peace
SearchMil.com-- Searches over one
million military (.mil) Web pages, indexed and ranked in
order of popularity.
Uppsala Conflict Data Program-- From Uppsala University's Department of Peace and Conflict Research, "information on a large number of aspects of armed violence [and peacemaking] since 1946," in the form of widely-referenced downloadable databases, a Conflict Encyclopaedia, definitions of concepts, country profiles, maps, charts, graphs, and publications.
• Arms Control Association-- National
nonpartisan membership organization promoting public
understanding of and support for effective arms control
policies, with online fact sheets, papers, full-text
documents, arms control briefings, subject and country
directories, and the journal Arms Control Today.
• Beyond Intractability-- Searchable
online database of texts, articles, interviews,
references, and links about practical approaches to
resolving intractable conflicts.
• Bonn International Center for Conversion--
Clearinghouse on practical conversion experiences and
projects, to support and promote the process by which
resources are shifted from the military or the defense
sector towards civilian purposes. Posts many online free
"reports, briefs, and papers which analyze the
international conversion process, report on conversion
projects and experiences, and offer scientific as well as
• British American Security Information
Council-- An independent research organization that
analyzes government policies in defense, disarmament,
military strategy, and nuclear issues. Many analytical
• Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists--
Focus on "global security issues, especially the
continuing dangers posed by nuclear and other weapons of
mass destruction, and the appropriate roles of nuclear
technology." Online copies of parts of the Bulletin,
the famous nuclear Doomsday Clock, and other information
about international security and nuclear issues.
Endowment for International Peace-- Conducts
programs of research, discussion, publication, and
education in international affairs and U.S. foreign
policy, and publishes the quarterly journal Foreign
Policy. Specialties are "particularly in the areas
of Russia and Eurasia, China, the Indian
subcontinent/South Asia, globalization, nonproliferation
and security affairs." Many publications are posted online, such
as policy briefs, working papers, and reports. The
Carnegie Endowment has other centers in Moscow,
Beirut, and Brussels,
the latter for the EU.
• Center for International Development and
Conflict Management-- At the University of Maryland,
a research group that focuses on "the dynamics of conflict
and conflict resolution, with a special emphasis on the
role of economic development and information technology in
conflict-prone societies." Many publications and datasets
are available free online in full-text. Note especially
the excellent "Peace and Conflict" series that details
"major [global] trends in armed conflict,
self-determination movements, and democracy" and provides
a Peace and Conflict Ledger.
• Center for International Policy--
Policy organization in Washington, D.C. "promoting a U.S.
foreign policy based on international cooperation,
demilitarization and respect for basic human rights."
Posts International Policy Reports and a newsletter on
human rights, international security, and conflict
• Center for Nonproliferation Studies-- At the Monterey Institute of International
Studies, this is the world's largest non-governmental
organization devoted to combating the spread of weapons of
mass destruction. Lots of resources on general and
• Center for Security Policy--
Conservative U.S. organization to stimulate and inform
national and international debate about all aspects of
security policy, especially those bearing on the interests
of the United States. Online publications and links to
current news items.
• Center for Systemic Peace-- "Engaged in innovative research on the problem of political violence within the structural context of the dynamic global system... supports scientific research and quantitative analysis in many issue areas related to the fundamental problems of violence in both human relations and societal-systemic development processes," with the goal of "minimizing the resort to and the effects of political violence in the world as a whole." Posts many studies, data, and graphics on the topic, including trend analysis and the Global Report series.
Research Unit-- Part of theNetherlands
Institute of International Relations, focusing on the
study of intrastate conflict and conflict management,
especially in the developing world. Studies, papers, and
seminar proceedings are online.
• Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN)-- An excellent collaborative
multi-media database of resources relevant to teaching and
research on the Northern Ireland conflict, at the
University of Ulster.
• Country Reports on Terrorism-- U.S. Department of State yearly reports on terrorism around the world, submitted to the U.S. Congress.
• CRISE Network-- Based at Oxford University, an "association of scholars and practitioners concerned with the fundamental economic, political and cultural causes of violent conflict. Its particular focus is on the role of "horizontal inequalities" (inequalities among salient identity groups) in causing conflict, and in policies to correct such inequalities." Posts many papers on this topic.
• Defense-aerospace.com offers the latest security and aerospace news and analysis, plus a comprehensive defense link directory.
• Federation of American Scientists-- A policy organization whose Board of Sponsors includes over 55 American Nobel Laureates, FAS is engaged in analysis and advocacy in science, technology, and public policy for global security. Note the different programs, such as the Intelligence Resource Program and Weapons of Mass Destruction Resources. FAS posts links to the excellent Congressional Research Service Reports on international security issues.
for Peace-- Non-profit research and educational NGO
whose mission is "to prevent war and alleviate the
conditions that cause war" by specializing in "the
diagnosis and resolution of conflicts associated with weak
and failing states and on foreign policy responses." Many
insightful publications are posted, including analytical
reports, the annual Fragile States Index,
and country profiles.
• Geneva Centre for Security
Policy-- "International foundation established in
1995 with over 40 member states for the primary purpose of
promoting the building and maintenance of peace, security
and stability through training, research and dialogue."
Posts studies on global and regional security issues.
• Global Initiative on Civil Society and Conflict-- From the University of South Florida, "an institute that focuses on sociocultural and human dynamics research in areas of political instability as well as global identity politics, race, class, and gender issues as they relate to civil society." Posts studies on that topic, as well as the Citizenship Index and the Tribalism Index.
• Global Peacebuilders-- "An international network of conflict resolution, conflict transformation and peacebuilding initiatives. By connecting organisations, researchers, academics and individual practitioners, we offer a solid platform for learning, exchange of best practice and development of international partnerships for reconciliation and peacebuilding."
• theHive-- World Bank-sponsored interactive, action-oriented "knowledge platform on fragility, conflict, and violence, which provides both an online and face-to-face communication platform for the community of practice working on these issues to share and build knowledge," with many partner organizations.
• Insight on Conflict-- "Provides information on local peacebuilding organisations in areas of conflict... who the local peacebuilders are [almost 800 peacebuilding organisations in 25 conflict zones], what they do, and how you might get in touch with them [and] how some of the worst conflicts in the world are being resolved by local people and local organisations."
• Institute for Economics and Peace-- Non-profit research organization dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable, and tangible measure of human well-being. The Global Peace Index, produced by IEP, is the world’s leading measure of peacefulness; it uses 22 qualitative and quantitative indicators to measure peace in over 160 countries worldwide. IEP research also includes a series of national peace indices, as well as the Global Terrorism Index.
• Institute for Science and International
Security-- Non-partisan research organization that
provides technical analyses of nuclear weapons programs
around the world, promoting nuclear transparency and
government accountability, and strengthening international
efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. Online
publications, country studies, satellite imagery, and
• International Action Network on Small
Arms-- "The global network of civil society
organisations working to stop the proliferation and misuse
of small arms and light weapons," with much information on
the small arms proliferation issue and the campaign
• International Campaign to Ban Landmines--
Information on the landmines issue and the campaign
against them. Note especially the extensive annual Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor
reports, country profiles, and other data.
• International Crisis Group--
"Independent, non-profit, multinational organisation...
working through field-based analysis and high-level
advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict." Quality
factual and analytical information on crisis spots in
reports, briefings, and databases. Offers CrisisWatch,
a bulletin on "all the most significant situations of
conflict or potential conflict around the world."
• International Institute for Counter-Terrorism-- Based in Israel, this site is a comprehensive resource on international terrorism and counter-terrorism, featuring an extensive database on terrorist organizations and attacks, an interactive forum, news updates, and many articles on international terrorism.
• International Peace Institute-- "Independent, international not-for-profit think tank with a staff representing more than 20 nationalities, located in New York across from United Nations headquarters... dedicated to promoting the prevention and settlement of conflicts between and within states by strengthening international peace and security institutions." Many publications and videos on that topic.
• International Peace
& Security Institute-- In Washington, DC,
"empowers the next generation of peacemakers...
facilitates the transfer of knowledge and skills to a
global audience from the world’s premier political
leaders, academic experts, practitioners, and advocates...
develops comprehensive training programs, advances
scholarly research, and promotes efforts to raise public
awareness of peace and security issues." Publishes the
free weekly Peace &
Security Report, about "pertinent global news,
events, and trends."
• International Security Information
Service, Europe-- "Brussels-based independent
research and advisory organisation working on aspects of
security, defence and peace policies of the EU and NATO.... facilitates parliamentary and
inter-institutional dialogue with all stakeholders and
provides policy input to strengthen common approaches to
conflict prevention, crisis management, peace building,
arms control and disarmament.."
• Internet Service on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity-- INCORE, of the University of Ulster and the United Nations University, is a large essential world-class resource and search facility for those in the area of conflict resolution and ethnic conflict. Their Conflict Data Service is "an entry point to an information network in the field of Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity, providing quick and user-friendly access to quality information." The Internet Country Guides "provide information about internet resources on conflict and ethnicity specific to particular countries and regions." Copies of the Ethnic Conflict Research Digest are online.
• Interpeace-- "Independent, international peacebuilding organization and strategic partner of the United Nations... [to] bring together governments, multilateral and UN agencies, and experts to analyze the latest in peacebuilding trends... [and] combine our local peacebuilding knowledge with the latest in international thinking to assist the international community, including the United Nations, to play a more effective role in supporting peacebuilding efforts around the world." Much information and analysis on peacebuilding.
• MIT Security Studies Program-- "Graduate-level research and educational program based at the Center for International Studies at MIT." Site posts an annual report, research journal, newsletter, working paper series, and conference series.
• National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism-- "Better known as START, a university-based research and education center comprised of an international network of scholars committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world." Posts high-quality content on the topic, including news, publications, data and analysis, tools, and teaching materials.
• Nonproliferation Policy Education Center--
"Project of the Institute for International Studies... a
nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization founded
in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic
weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers,
journalists, and university professors about proliferation
threats and possible new policies and measures to meet
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization-- NATO is attempting to participate in the development of cooperative security structures for the whole of Europe. This site has a complete archive of all official documents and both general and specific NATO publications. Note the NATO Review magazine. The NATO Defense College posts publications and studies on topics related to the alliance.
• Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre-- "Independent foundation established to integrate knowledge, experience, and critical reflection into and thereby strengthen peacebuilding policy and practice." Posts many insightful publications on international issues, from "the gathering and sharing of timely information and analysis by commissioning and publishing research carried out by experts in their fields..."
• Nuclear Threat Initiative-- Founded by Ted Turner and former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn, "to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons." Large site posts a WMD news service, tutorials, country surveys, maps, policy papers, documents, media materials, and databases.
• Peace Research Institute Frankfurt-- The largest such institute in Germany, its "work is directed towards identifying the causes of violent international and internal conflicts, carrying out research into the conditions necessary for peace, understood as a process of decreasing violence and increasing justice, and spreading the concepts of peace," including through policy consulting. Posts many studies on these topics.
• Peace Research Institute Oslo--
"Independent research institution known for its effective
synergy of basic and policy-relevant research... conducts
graduate training and is engaged in the promotion of peace
through conflict resolution, dialogue and reconciliation,
public information and policymaking activities." Posts
publications and studies. Note the Mapping
Arms Data visualization project.
• Project on Defense Alternatives--
Offers critical analysis of U.S. defense policy, as well
as those of other nations, to adapt military policy to the
circumstances of the post-Cold War era, with pragmatic,
cost-effective alternative defense policy options that
support progress toward more cooperative means of
attaining security. Thousands of studies and reports are
linked or posted online.
• Pugwash Conferences on Science and World
Affairs--International scientific organization
dedicated to eliminating nuclear weapons and war, reducing
the danger of armed conflict, and seeking cooperative
solutions for global problems. Features reports and
statements, publications on key global security issues
including nuclear, chemical and biological weapons,
regional conflict, and science and society.
• Royal United Services Institute-- World-class "independent think tank engaged in cutting edge defence and security research," in London, with expertise "utilised by governments, parliament and other key stakeholders." Posts authoritative studies online-- "rigorous, expert and objective analysis of current trends and developments"-- some free and some for members only.
non-governmental organisation [based in the UK] that works
to prevent and reduce violent conflict and promote
cooperative approaches to security... through advocacy,
research and policy development and through supporting the
actions of others." Posts "research reports, briefing
papers, articles and training packs."
Arms Survey Project-- From the Graduate Institute of
International and Development Studies, Geneva, a
multinational effort to spread information and analysis
about the proliferation of small arms and light weapons
around the world. Many publications and resources online,
including the annual Small Arms Survey.
• Stockholm International Peace Research
Institute-- One of the foremost institutes of its
type in the world, SIPRI excels in the collection and
analysis of data on weapons developments, arms transfers
and production, and military expenditure, as well as on
arms limitations, reductions and disarmament. Large
quantity of information and analysis online.
Crime and Corruption Center-- "The first center in
the United States devoted to understanding the links among
terrorism, transnational crime and corruption, and to
teach, research, train and help formulate policy on these
critical issues," from the School of Public Policy at
George Mason University. Emphasis on the CIS, with many
studies and links posted online.
• United Nations Institute for Disarmament
Research-- This UN organization provides
information, summaries, and some full-text results of
research on nuclear, biological, chemical, missile, small
arms, landmine, peacekeeping, and education issues.
• United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime--
Much news, information, and analysis on illicit drugs,
drug abuse, drug trafficking, organized crime, criminal
justice, terrorism, corruption, and human trafficking.
Note the annual "World Drug Report."
• United Nations Peace and Security Page--
Master page for all United Nations sites on peace and
security, with full documentation and activities.
• United Nations Peacekeeping Operations--
Much information on current and completed missions, from
the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations.
States Army War College-- The top school in the U.S.
Army educational system, with many excellent international
affairs and security studies accessible online. The Library provides useful military and
security resources, including topical bibliographies. Note
the Parameters journal and the Strategic Studies Institute pages.
Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
may be of interest.
• United States Institute of Peace-- The mission of the USIP is to strengthen the
nation's capabilities to promote the peaceful resolution
of international conflicts. Institute project reports,
briefings, event summaries, and news items are available
online, with archives and extensive links on conflict
topics. Note the Publications & Tools section and
the Research Centers in International
Relations on the Web directory, by country. Peace Terms is an "extensive
glossary [that] provides short definitions of a wide range
of complex and often confusing terms used in the field of